A pip is value of a currency given in numbers in terms of foreign exchange trading. The numerical value of one pip is 0.0001. The smallest price change that can be made in a foreign exchange market is one pip actually. Even though it is hypothetical and it never generally comes down to that low of a transaction. Almost all currencies are priced to four digits after decimal point.
The pips spread on the other hand is a term given to the difference between price that has been asked that is, a bid price and the price in which an item is sold. Most commonly two pairs are provided for trade. A spread is the amount that a genuine market maker is buying from the trader in, and the amount in which he sells the same.
To understand this let us suppose that a trader has bought a currency and has immediately sold it. Assuming no change in exchange rate has occurred, it can be concluded that the trader is going to lose money on this deal. A reason for this is that most commonly we find that bid price is lower than ask price. Not only that, typical foreign exchange investor’s benefit most when there is a small movement in the exchange rate. This helps them to gain profits more easily in general.
Pips spread are usually a term given to the amount of real bids and best bid available to all major banks. Amount of pips spread decides gross amount of transaction typically. You may get yourself cost calculators to understand and make the best assumptions about your transactions.
Mostly, impact of spreads for any transaction is easily ignored, even though paying attention to them could reap benefits. Get yourself the best calculators to predict the most beneficial outcomes.